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The Great Fire of London

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In , a huge fire that started in a tiny bakery burned down most of London — because it was so big, it was called the Great Fire of London. The fire lasted four days, and burned down over 13, homes.

There are a lot of reasons why the fire was so large, mostly to do with the way houses were built — a lot of them were made from wood, and were very close together. Their maid was too scared to jump, and died in the fire.

There was a big argument about how to fight the Great Fire. In the end, King Charles II had to ask for the houses to be pulled down, but by then the fire had already grown very big. Because the fire destroyed so much, some people thought that someone meant to start it — not that it was an accident in a bakery.

The new streets were also designed to be wider, and sewers were installed so the city was more sanitary. When the houses and shops that had been destroyed in the fire were being rebuilt, people thought it would also be a good idea to build a monument to remember the Great Fire of London. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and took six years to build — it is 61 metres high, which also the same distance between where it stands and site in Pudding Lane where the fire began.

It has a bronze sculpture on the top to look like flames. He had some ideas for how London could be rebuilt after the Great Fire, but the plans were rejected. Instead, he designed a monument to the Great Fire near where it began on Pudding Lane. Samuel Pepys — Samuel Pepys is most famous for keeping a diary for most of the s, so he wrote a lot about the Great Fire in He also played an important part in helping to fight the fire by warning King Charles II that more needed to be done on the day the fire broke out — so, the King himself and the Duke of York took charge.

He helped the fire fighters, gave rewards to people who tried to stop the fire, and helped people who were hungry and homeless after the fire was over. John Evelyn — John Evelyn warned King Charles II in that the way houses in London were built would mean that a fire would be a disaster. When the Great Fire happened in , he wrote about it in his diary — he walked around the city on 7 September and wrote about how people who had lost their homes were camping in the fields, and that the ground and charred wood was still so hot that holes burned in his shoes.

Thomas Farriner — Thomas Farriner was a baker and owned the shop were the first fire broke out on 2 September that eventually led to most of London burning down. He was a baker to King Charles II. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.

The Great Fire of London happened between September in The fire began in a bakery in Pudding Lane. Before the fire began, there had been a drought in London that lasted for 10 months, so the city was very dry.

In , lots of people had houses made from wood and straw which burned easily. Houses were also built very close together. We know what happened during the fire because people back then wrote about it in letters and newspapers — for instance, Samuel Pepys wrote about it in his diary. To fight fires during this time, people would have used leather buckets, metal hooks and water squirts.

People whose homes had burned down lived in tents in the fields around London while buildings were rebuilt. Sir Christopher Wren designed a monument to remember the Great Fire of London, which still stands today.

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FactMonster Homework Center – find homework help, study tips, science project ideas and more. Khan Academy – offers practice exercises, instructional videos and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in math, science, computer programming, history and more. London is the capital of the United Kingdom, a country in western Europe. It is also the capital of England, which is part of the United Kingdom. London lies on the Thames River. It is the largest city in the country. It has long been a major center of culture, business, and banking.